Sunday, May 29, 2011

Opioid analgesics: treatment, rehabilitation

Rehabilitation of opioid analgesics addicts. Despite some demographic differences, the general rules are the same for the rehabilitation of opiate addicts and alcoholics ballroom. Fundamentals of rehabilitation strategies that include the beginning of detoxification and support throughout the patient's family. Must also understand the overall goals and program for a specific patient, conducting interviews with him and learning to overcome the state of addiction. It is necessary to persuade the patient to such an extent that he sought to abstinence. For a long time to help the patient build a new life style without the drug without these efforts is difficult to avoid the recurrence of drug abuse.

Identification of drug and psychological method of approach to them. Naturally, the first step in the treatment of opiate,opioid analgesics addiction is a diagnosis. This is a difficult problem with respect to street addicts middle-class patients receiving analgesics for various medical reasons or in relation to drug addicts physiciansa

Despite the fact that alcoholism and drug addiction affects various population groups in the rehabilitation of persons dependent on opioids follow the same rules as for alcoholism. At the core of rehabilitation - the planned abolition of the drug, and family support. It is also essential reading of literature, or treatment in a group of mutual aid. Should be put before patients achievable goals and develop a program of counseling and education - all this increases the motivation to reject drugs. It will not be a relapse, the patient requires a strong belief in building a life without drugs.
Most rehabilitation methods have much in common and are not dependent on the medication that caused the addiction. As recommended in recent guidelines, a drug addict in the first place need to be persuaded that he is responsible for improving their own lives. To increase motivation, be informed of the possible physical and psychological consequences of continued drug use. Addicts and their families are taught ways to combat chronic pain, if necessary, help (such as employees of pharmacies, doctors, nurses) in planning future professional activities, thus promoting the transition to a life without drugs. In addition, patients need to adjust or to create a group of like-minded people, or to enter into mutual aid groups, such as the Company "Narcotics Anonymous. Much of these tips and advice can come from a general practitioner, but many doctors to refer patients for regular treatment, such as the center of continuous use of methadone to treat opiate receptor blocker, in the commune, dormitory former drug addicts. On prospective follow-up data, approximately one-third of patients treated, do not take drugs during the year prior to the survey, and a total abandon of opioids 60% of treated patients, although some of them continue to use other substances.
Persons who are constantly taking methadone or living in communes, much less get the police and faced with social problems, better performing job duties.
The best prognosis - those who work, who has a higher level of education and who continues treatment for at least 2 months.
Opioid analgesics dependence in health care workers, such as doctors, treated on similar principles, in addition, appoint and tightly controlled by a special rehabilitation program lasting 1-2 years or more.

No comments:

Post a Comment