Monday, May 16, 2011

Opioid Analgesics - clinical pharmacology

Treatment pain relief with opioid analgesics is an essential element of medical practice and requires a careful choice of type of medication, the selection of the required dose and continuing objective assessment of the underlying disease. There are many situations in which analgesia is required to establish a definitive diagnosis.
In acute situations, pain control facilitates the collection of medical history, physical examination, which speeds up the diagnosis. The use of opioid analgesics or opioids in acute situations different from their use in the treatment of chronic pain in which to consider such factors as tolerance (complete or partial reduction of analgesic effect) and physical dependence.
In order to obtain adequate analgesia, required selection of medicines, corresponding to the character and intensity of pain. Severity of pain is not the same for different diseases. Each anesthetic drug has therapeutic "ceiling" and the attempt to raise the "ceiling" by increasing the dose carries a risk of significant adverse reactions.

No comments:

Post a Comment